The Delaware Nation, Moravian of the Thames Band is located within the County of Kent and situated on approximately 3000 acres of land on the south side of the Thames River.
The community can be described as being located in a semi isolated rural part of the County, surrounded by villages/towns which have small population bases and limited services. The City of Chatham is approximately 40kms west of the First Nation and the City of London is approximately 88kms southeast of the First Nation. Towns surrounding the First Nations are Bothwell, Thamesville, Highgate, and
Accessibility to major transportation routes within a five-mile radius facilitates easy entry to the community. To the southeast of the community is the MacDonald-Cartier Freeway (401), and to the west is Highway 21 and to the northwest is Highway 2.
In May of 1792, the Moravian Delawares and their missionaries arrived at the present location of Moraviantown and commenced building a village where today's Fairfield museum is now located. This village stood until the American Army burned it on October 5, 1813.
The village was named Fairfield and was one of the first European Style towns built in what became southwest Ontario. Fairfield had the first School and Church built in what became Kent County.
New Fairfield was established in 1815 on the south side of the Thames River across from where Fairfield has stood and this village existed until the 1830’s when the people gradually moved into the more wooded
The name Moraviantown Indian Reserve or Moraviantown replaced the name of the New Fairfield as the years went by. In later times the community has been called Moravian of the Thames Band, by the Department of Indian Affairs, and Delaware Nation Territory by the Delaware Nation Band Council. Sometimes the various organizations which we are associated with use the single word Moraivian but Moraiviantown seems to be the common name used when a band member describes which native community he/she belongs to.
Delaware Nation Chief & Council
Ontario Trillium Foundation
Canadian Heritage – Aboriginal Language Initiative